If the relative pronoun is unnecessary, put it in brackets. My friend tim, 3 mother i wrote about in my last letter to you, came with me and we had a great time. Heres a list of all the relative clause exercises on the site. Combine the sentences using defining relative pronouns.
This is a a worksheet for teaching or revising relative clauses with prepositional verbs at preintermediate level. Wrapup by having students compare answers with classmates, and then choose one or two students to write their answers on the board. Defining relative clauses 1 in pdf here defining relative clauses 2 in pdf here defining relative clauses 3 in pdf here defining relative clauses 4 in pdf here go to the main relative clauses explanation page here. Their job is to add one or more nondefining relative clauses to the sentence. Trivia sentence building challenge give or brainstorm a list of things that trivia questions are often about, e. These describe the preceding noun in such a way to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. Relative clauses are used to describe the noun naming the process or position when discussing tasks that need to be completed, or explaining how certain things work. This is a creative sentence building exercise to practise nondefining relative clauses. You may sometimes have to change the word order or change a into the.
Nondefining relative clauses are placed after nouns which are definite already. My brother who lives in sidney came to see me last month. We went to vancouver 1 i have some old friends 2 i havent seen for about three years. Esl defining relative clauses activity reading, writing, listening and speaking intermediate b1 35 minutes. When the relative pronoun is an object, it can be omitted e xcept with whose and where. Defining relative clauses also called identifying relative clauses or restrictive relative clauses give detailed information defining a general term or expression. As you watch the video, look at the examples of relative clauses.
The ability to use relative clauses easily is important to all english learners, but perhaps even more important to those wanting to use english in their workplaces. The following esl efl resources are available for defining relative clauses. In formal english the preposition is placed before the relative pronoun, which must then be put into the. Relative clauses with prepositional verbs worksheet. A clause of this kind is essential to clear understanding of the noun. A collection of english esl relative clauses, preintermediate a2 worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to t. Finally, do the grammar exercises to check you understand, and can use, relative clauses correctly. Relative clauses multiple choice activity busy teacher.
Bill clinton was the president wife was called hillary. English esl relative clauses, upperintermediate b2. The worksheet includes a grammar exercise on defining relative clauses. By now you are people who have probably read a lot about relative clauses. Answer key 1 fill in the gaps with a suitable relative pronoun. A power point to revise the use of relative pronouns. Some grammar rules and lots of exercises to practice them. But, it is possible to practice relative clauses in a fun speaking activity too. My brother, who lives in sidney, came to see me last month. Fill in the following sentences with the appropriate relative pronoun. Some exercises and teachers tips to practice the defining clauses and the non defining clauses alike.
This is a unit which focuses a lot on relative clauses. Relative clauses nondefining relative clauses grammar. Students english file students site preintermediate grammar file 1 lesson d defining relative clauses 1 grammar. When using defining relative clauses in informal speech and writing, the relative pronoun can be left out completely if it refers to the object of the relative clause. Nondefining relative clauses defining relative clauses these describe the preceding noun in such a way to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class. The following esl efl resources are available for relative clauses grammar. Both english learners and esl teachers can use this online exercise as a revision to check the knowledge of english relative clauses adjective clauses. Relative clauses learnenglish teens british council.
Explanations and examples along with tests and exercises online to practise english pronouns. Sophie decides to post videos on her worldfamous travel blog. A collection of english esl relative clauses, upperintermediate b2 worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to. Relative clauses are usually introduced by a relative pronoun usually who, which, that, but when, where and whose are also possible with defining relative clauses we can use who or that to talk about people.
In this engaging relative clauses activity, students invent false definitions for words using defining relative clauses and then play a game where they guess which definition for a word is correct. Defining clauses defining clauses specifydefine which personthinganimal is meant. We flew into vancouver on monday 24th, 4 was also my birthday. Level intermediate time 30 minutes introduction here is a fun guessing game to help students practice using defining relative clauses with who. Relative clauses are a bit grammar heavy to teach and lessons about them are usually focused on pen and paper exercises.
Students are asked to join fourteen different sentences by changing the second of each pair into a relative clause. Relative clauses, defining and nondefining our students can practise relative clauses defining and nondefining with this exercise. The house, which was built in 1883, has just been opened to the public. Relative clauses in english exercises advanced level esl. Remember that the defining clause is not separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma.
I caught a ride with tony, whose car barely made it up the hill. Where it is possible to leave the empty space without a relative pronoun, write 0 zero in the box where both which and that can be used, use that. The following esl efl resources are available for defining relative clauses grammar. English esl relative clauses, preintermediate a2 worksheets most downloaded 120 results. Relative clauses intermediate in this worksheet you will find an. Defining relative clauses with who, which and where aim to describe words using defining relative clauses. Dear sheila, in your last letter, you asked me to tell you about all the things i did during my summer vacation. Before giving this quiz to your students, teach the difference between adjective clauses with who and whose and have students practice with the worksheets below. It isnt essential for understanding who or what we are talking about. She showed me the coat which that she had bought nondefining relative clauses extra information clauses are used to add extra.
Defining relative clauses we use defining relative clauses to specify which person, thing or place we are talking about. Relative pronouns and clauses in english grammar exercises. Defining relative clauses and more of the latest articles on english language teaching from efl magazine. This is an interactive online exercise about joining two sentences to make relative clauses. Relative clauses pdf quiz relative clauses worksheet relative clauses pdf exercises defining and. Relative clauses english grammar online free exercises. Preparation make one copy of the cards for each group of three or four and cut as indicated. There is no difference in meaning between these, though who tends to be preferred in more formal use. The worksheet includes a grammar exercise on defining relative clauses with. Preintermediate a2b1 in this lesson, students read about uk businessman richard bransons ideas. Ask groups to compare, reading out their final versions.
Intermediate grammar relative pronoun gap fill esl. Study the situations and then decide whether the following relative clauses are defining or nondefining. What can also be used as a relative pronoun but only in the meaning the things that. Adjective relative clause practice this is a quick self study of basic relative pronoun usage. Defining relative clauses are used to specify which person or thing we mean. Home page grammar exercises intermediate relative clause gap fill. Defining relative clauses relative clauses efl magazine. English grammar defining relative clauses esl activities. Theres an easy activity in which students are asked to fill in the blank spaces by choosing the correct answer. Main clause relative clause that is the man whom who that nothing i saw. Defining relative clauses who, which, that, where test.
Defining relative clauses are not put in commas imagine, tom is in a room with five girls. Relative clauses worksheet 1 relative pronouns use the relative pronouns in the box to complete the sentences whom that which where when whose 1. Nondefining relative clauses english esl worksheets nondefining relative clauses worksheet free esl printable worksheets made by teachers a collection of english esl worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to teach about relative, clauses, relative c. Sunday is the day most countries respect a day of rest in the week. I know an exciting place you and your boyfriend can go on holidays. A variety of sentences in which the students have to add the relative pronoun. The award was given to sara, whose short story impressed the judges. Relative clauses exercises intermediate join the following sentences to make one sentence using a relative pronoun when necessary. Defining and nondefining relative clauses who, whom, whose, which, that. Exercises with answers and grammar rules with examples.
Nondefining relative clauses give us extra information about someone or something. This first gap fill test contains 25 multiple choice questions on the topic of relative clauses adjective clauses of english grammar. Heres how to set up this relative clause speaking activity. English esl relative clauses worksheets most downloaded 228. London, which is the capital of england, is one of the largest cities in the world. Relative clauses defining relative clauses grammar.